• Python 基于Twisted框架的文件夹网络传输源码
  • 2017年12月24日
  • 网络收集

由于文件夹可能有多层目录,因此需要对其进行递归遍历。

本文采取了简单的协议定制,定义了五条命令,指令Head如下:
Sync:标识开始同步文件夹
End:标识结束同步
File:标识传输的文件名(相对路径)
Folder:标志文件夹(相对路径)
None:文件内容

每条命令以CMB_BEGIN开始,以CMB_END结束。

客户端需要对接收缓冲做解析,取出一条一条的指令,然后根据指令的Head做相应的处理,比如创建文件夹、写入文件等。

下面是服务端的代码:

from twisted.internet import reactor
from twisted.internet.protocol import Protocol,Factory
from twisted.protocols.basic import LineReceiver
import os
import struct
BUFSIZE = 4096
class SimpleLogger(Protocol):
  def connectionMade(self):
    print 'Got connection from', self.transport.client
  def connectionLost(self, reason):
    print self.transport.client, 'disconnected'
  def dataReceived(self, line):
    print line
    self.transport.write("Hello Client, I am the Server!\r\n")
    self.transport.write("CMB_BEGIN")
    self.transport.write("Sync")
    self.transport.write("CMB_END")
    self.send_file_folder('server')
  def send_file_folder(self,folder):
    '''send folder to the client'''
    for f in os.listdir(folder):
      sourceF = os.path.join(folder, f)
      if os.path.isfile(sourceF):      
        print 'File:',sourceF[7:]
        self.transport.write("CMB_BEGIN")
        self.transport.write("File:" + sourceF[7:])
        self.transport.write("CMB_END")
        fp = open(sourceF,'rb')
        while 1:
          filedata = fp.read(BUFSIZE)
          if not filedata: break
          else:
            self.transport.write("CMB_BEGIN")
            self.transport.write(filedata)
            print 'send size:::::::::',len(filedata)
            self.transport.write("CMB_END")
        fp.close()
        self.transport.write("CMB_BEGIN")
        self.transport.write("End")
        self.transport.write("CMB_END")
      if os.path.isdir(sourceF):
        print 'Folder:',sourceF[7:]
        self.transport.write("CMB_BEGIN")
        self.transport.write("Folder:" + sourceF[7:])
        self.transport.write("CMB_END")
        self.send_file_folder(sourceF)
factory = Factory()
factory.protocol = SimpleLogger
reactor.listenTCP(1234, factory)
reactor.run()
                  

Server在收到Client的某个信号之后(此代码中,当Client随便向Server发送任何内容都可),Server即会调用send_file_folder将sever文件夹下的内容全部发送给客户端。

服务端运行结果如下:

下面是客户端的代码:

from twisted.internet.selectreactor import SelectReactor
from twisted.internet.protocol import Protocol,ClientFactory
from twisted.protocols.basic import LineReceiver
import os
from struct import *
reactor = SelectReactor()
protocol = Protocol()
prepare = 0
filename = ""
sourceDir = 'client'
recvBuffer = ''
def delete_file_folder(src):
  '''delete files and folders'''
  if os.path.isfile(src):
    try:
      os.remove(src)
    except:
      pass
  elif os.path.isdir(src):
    for item in os.listdir(src):
      itemsrc = os.path.join(src,item)
      delete_file_folder(itemsrc) 
    try:
      os.rmdir(src)
    except:
      pass
def clean_file_folder(src):
  '''delete files and child folders'''
  delete_file_folder(src)
  os.mkdir(src)
def writefile(filename,data):
  print 'write file size:::::::::',len(data)
  fp = open(filename,'a+b')
  fp.write(data)
  fp.close()
class QuickDisconnectedProtocol(Protocol):
  def connectionMade(self):
    print "Connected to %s."%self.transport.getPeer().host
    self.transport.write("Hello server, I am the client!\r\n")
  def dataReceived(self, line):
    global prepare
    global filename
    global sourceDir
    global recvBuffer
    recvBuffer = recvBuffer + line
    self.processRecvBuffer()
  def processRecvBuffer(self):
    global prepare
    global filename
    global sourceDir
    global recvBuffer
    while len(recvBuffer) > 0 :
      index1 = recvBuffer.find('CMB_BEGIN')
      index2 = recvBuffer.find('CMB_END')
      if index1 >= 0 and index2 >= 0:
        line = recvBuffer[index1+9:index2]
        recvBuffer = recvBuffer[index2+7:]
        if line == 'Sync':
          clean_file_folder(sourceDir)
        if line[0:3] == "End":
          prepare = 0
        elif line[0:5] == "File:":
          name = line[5:]
          filename = os.path.join(sourceDir, name)
          print 'mk file:',filename
          prepare = 1
        elif line[0:7] == "Folder:":
          name = line[7:]
          filename = os.path.join(sourceDir, name)
          print 'mkdir:',filename
          os.mkdir(filename)
        elif prepare == 1:
          writefile(filename,line)
      else:
        break 
class BasicClientFactory(ClientFactory):
  protocol=QuickDisconnectedProtocol
  def clientConnectionLost(self,connector,reason):
    print 'Lost connection: %s'%reason.getErrorMessage()
    reactor.stop()
  def clientConnectionFailed(self,connector,reason):
    print 'Connection failed: %s'%reason.getErrorMessage()
    reactor.stop()
reactor.connectTCP('localhost',1234,BasicClientFactory())
reactor.run()
                  

客户端提取出来自Server的指令,当提取出Sync指令时,则将sourceDir目录清空,然后根据后续的指令,跟Server的文件夹进行同步。

客户端运行结果如下:

需要注意的地方:
Client写入文件时,需要以二进制的方式打开文件,否则,在传输二进制文件时可能出现错误或导致文件损坏。

经过测试,代码可以正常的运行,文件夹同步成功,文本文件、图像和其他类型的二进制文件均可正常传输。